"12 Best Practices" for High Yielding Soybeans

05.16.2011
matt.quattlander's picture

Growers continue to push the bar when it comes to high yielding soybeans.  With new technologies, chemistry and management practices available, growers should target maximum yields for their conditions. Follow the 12 Best Practices for Soybeans and harvest big soybean yields!

  1. Soybeans respond to pH and good Potassium fertility. Maintain a soil pH close to 6.5. Apply 0-0-60 according to soil test, do not depend on fertilizer applied in previous years.
  2. Try to select well drained fields.
  3. Rotate to soybeans after any crop other than soybeans.
  4. If possible, plant into fields that have been continuous corn for at least 4 years. Plant a Non-Soybean Cyst Nematode variety and inoculating with a Rhizobium product can be beneficial, but not strictly necessary.
  5. Select a soybean variety that demonstrates high yield potential with a well-rounded agronomic package. Look for protection against Brown Stem Rot, Phytophthora Root Rot, Sudden Death Syndrome, Soybean Cyst Nematode or any other diseases that are factors in your area. Demonstrated 70+ bushels per acre yield potential.
  6. Row spacing’s of 15’’ or less are best. ONLY use a seed drill if seeding depth and planting rate can be controlled accurately, otherwise use a planter with row units.
  7. Understand different planting dates. Late April: can offer the highest yield potential, but weather conditions can lower the chances of good stand establishment. Early May: try to plant medium height or shorter soybeans with good SDS ratings as soybeans can get very tall at this planting date. Mid to Late May: more likely to escape Sudden Death pressure.
  8. Conventional or shallow tillage helps improve seedling emergence
  9. Use seed treatments to protect from adverse environmental conditions. Use a seeding rate around 145,000-160,000 seeds/acre.
  10. Keep fields weed free. Use a pre-emergence herbicide offering residual control. Apply post herbicides as early as possible to prevent any flower abortion.
  11. Apply a fungicide and/or insecticide. Apply the labeled rate at the R3 growth stage. Control Frog Eye Leaf Spot, Pod and Stem Blight, Cercospora Blight and kill off damaging insects.
  12. Try for timely rains in August!
Seed Type: 
Soybeans

Growers continue to push the bar when it comes to high yielding soybeans.  With new technologies, chemistry and management practices available, growers should target maximum yields for their conditions. Follow the 12 Best Practices for Soybeans and harvest big soybean yields!

  1. Soybeans respond to pH and good Potassium fertility. Maintain a soil pH close to 6.5. Apply 0-0-60 according to soil test, do not depend on fertilizer applied in previous years.
  2. Try to select well drained fields.
  3. Rotate to soybeans after any crop other than soybeans.
  4. If possible, plant into fields that have been continuous corn for at least 4 years. Plant a Non-Soybean Cyst Nematode variety and inoculating with a Rhizobium product can be beneficial, but not strictly necessary.
  5. Select a soybean variety that demonstrates high yield potential with a well-rounded agronomic package. Look for protection against Brown Stem Rot, Phytophthora Root Rot, Sudden Death Syndrome, Soybean Cyst Nematode or any other diseases that are factors in your area. Demonstrated 70+ bushels per acre yield potential.
  6. Row spacing’s of 15’’ or less are best. ONLY use a seed drill if seeding depth and planting rate can be controlled accurately, otherwise use a planter with row units.
  7. Understand different planting dates. Late April: can offer the highest yield potential, but weather conditions can lower the chances of good stand establishment. Early May: try to plant medium height or shorter soybeans with good SDS ratings as soybeans can get very tall at this planting date. Mid to Late May: more likely to escape Sudden Death pressure.
  8. Conventional or shallow tillage helps improve seedling emergence
  9. Use seed treatments to protect from adverse environmental conditions. Use a seeding rate around 145,000-160,000 seeds/acre.
  10. Keep fields weed free. Use a pre-emergence herbicide offering residual control. Apply post herbicides as early as possible to prevent any flower abortion.
  11. Apply a fungicide and/or insecticide. Apply the labeled rate at the R3 growth stage. Control Frog Eye Leaf Spot, Pod and Stem Blight, Cercospora Blight and kill off damaging insects.
  12. Try for timely rains in August!